Trichloramine, what are the health effects?
We often hear about trichloramine in the air or nitrogen trichloride and the health impacts…but what are we really talking about?
Chloramine is created by the chemical combination of chlorinated products used for water disinfection and the nitrogenous pollution brought by the organic matter of bathers (sweat, saliva, urine, bacteria, sun cream, etc.).
Chloramines break down into 3 different types:
In public and collective swimming pools, it is necessary to measure the chloramines in the water in order to keep its threshold below 0,6 mg/l.
Trichloramine, also known as nitrogen trichloride, therefore comes from the creation of chloramines in the water. But compared to monochloramine and dichloramine, it is much more volatile and turns into a gas that is highly irritating to the respiratory tract, eyes and skin.
A strong smell of chlorine, stinging eyes... you are probably in the presence of trichloramine in the air.
What are the current regulatory obligations in France?
Regulations require trichloramine in the air:
What are the solutions for measuring trichloramine?
To date, there are 3 methods of measurement:
To better protect bathers and staff, accurate, fast and simple measurement is essential. This is why SYCLOPE Electronique and INRS have been working in partnership for 10 years on the trichloramine measurement issue.
As a result of many years of experience and feedback from the field, SYCLOPE Electronique and the INRS have developed a new portable device for direct measurement of the nitrogen trichloride rate in the air.
Indeed, the new equipment indicates, after a minimum of two hours of exposure, a rate in mg/m3. This equipment also makes it possible to perform 8-hour OEL (occupational exposure limit value) measurements with a single sample.
The objective of this new equipment is to optimise the measurement of trichloramine in air in order to protect users and personnel on site as much as possible.
Plan regular monitoring of trichloramine levels
To prevent any problem related to trichloramine or in order to implement corrective actions, SYCLOPE recommends :